Assateague Island National Seashore

Assateague Island is a beautiful barrier island which lies to the east of Chincoteague Island. Assateague Island is approximately 38 miles long. The entire Island is a wildlife sanctuary, protected from development. The Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge (CNWR) is located at the southern end of Assateague Island. A short bridge connects Chincoteague Island to Assateague Island. Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge includes more than 14,000 acres of beach, maritime forest, saltmarsh, and freshwater marsh. The Refuge is home to a remarkable variety of migratory birds, plants, and other animals.

This barrier island is a constantly shifting ribbon of sand which is altered daily by powerful wind and waves. In the middle of the East Coast, Assateague Island is an exhilarating, uniquely preserved stretch of coastal wilderness along the Atlantic seaboard. With 48,000 acres, it remains one of the largest mid-Atlantic barrier islands to have a continuum of intact coastal habitats — with very little human interference.

Assateague Island became dedicated as a National Seashore on September 21, 1965. At one time Assateague was not an island, but rather was connected to Fenwick Island. A storm in August of 1933 ripped through the long island opening an inlet between the southern end of Ocean City and the new Assateague. Taking advantage of this new opening, the inlet was fortified to keep it open, allowing passage from the ocean to the bay. To this day you can stand on the tip of either island and view the other from across the inlet.

Today, Assateague Island serves as a public land where visitors can come to relax, recreate and immerse themselves in the tremendous resource. Popular Activities include bicycling, walking the beach, swimming, surfing, wildlife viewing, birding, crabbing, fishing and kayaking. Over 1 million visitors come to Assateague each year, including the Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge located in the Virginia district of Assateague Island.



Assateague Island National Seashore

8231 Beach Rd
Chincoteague Island, VA 23336

Contact the Publisher

George Randy Bass
FAA Licensed Drone Pilot
Google Maps Master Photographer
12400-3 Wake Union Church Rd
Wake Forest, NC 27587
United States



Assateague Island Map

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*Courtesy National Parks Maps


Did you know?

Assateague Indians were descendants of the Algonquian Indians of Canada. The Algonquian languages are known for their ‘sentence words’. Simply put, observations that take many words to express in English can be expressed in a single word in an Algonquian language. For example, the term Assateague likely means ‘swiftly moving water’ and the word Chincoteague likely means ‘beautiful across the water’.